USS Flier (SS-250)
USS Flier (SS-250)
Flier (SS-250) was launched 11 July 1943 by Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn.; sponsored by Mrs. A. S. Pierce; and commissioned 18 October 1943, Lieutenant Commander J. W. Crowley in command.
Flier reached Pearl Harbor from New London, on 20 December 1943. After working up, she departed for her first war patrol on 12 January 1944. However, while entering the harbor at Midway Island during a storm on 16 January, she went aground and was seriously damaged. The submarine rescue vessel Macaw (ASR-11), which attempted to pull Flier free, also went aground and ultimately sank.
The damaged submarine was towed back to Pearl Harbor by USS Florikan (ASR-9), again with difficulties caused by weather, and finally reached the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, where she was repaired. Flier made another start on her first war patrol on 21 May 1944, heading from Pearl Harbor to the waters off Luzon.
She made her first contact on 4 June, attacking a well-escorted convoy for five merchantmen. Firing three torpedoes at each of two ships, she sent a large transport to the bottom (Hakusan Maru) and scored a hit on another ship, before clearing the area to evade counter-measures.
On 13 June 1944, Flier attacked a convoy of 11 ships, cargo carriers and tankers, guarded by at least six escorts. The alert behavior of the escorts resulted in severe attack on Flier before she could observe what damage she had done to the convoy. On 22 June, she began a long chase after another large convoy, scoring four hits for six torpedoes fired at two cargo ships that day, and three hits for four torpedoes launched against another cargo ship of the same convoy the next day.
Flier put in to Fremantle, Australia, to refit between 5 July 1944 and 2 August, then sailed on her second war patrol, bound for the coast of Indochina. On the evening of 13 August, as she transited Balabac Strait on the surface, she was rocked by a great explosion. She sank in 1 minute after striking the mine, but 13 officers and men got out of her. Eight of them reached the beach of Mantangula Island after 15 hours in the water. Friendly natives guided them to a coast-watcher, who arranged for them to be picked up by submarine, and on the night of 30-31 August, they were taken on board by Redfin (SS-272).
Flier’s story does not end here. On February 1, 2010, Commander, Submarine Forces Pacific Fleet (COMSUBPAC), Rear Adm. Douglas McAneny announced that a sunken vessel located in the Balabac Strait area of the Philippines is in fact the World War II submarine USS Flier (SS 250).
The last surviving crew member of Flier, Ens. Al Jacobson, had never given up the search for his lost shipmates. Sadly, Jacobson passed away in 2008, but his family was determined to continue the search. The family provided notes and research to the production company YAP Films, which investigates nautical mysteries, and Jacobson’s son Steve and grandson Nelson participated in the search. Led by the father and son team of divers, Mike and Warren Fletcher, their efforts paid off in the discovery of the vessel in 330 feet of water, at approximately the same locaton that Al Jacobson had believed the boat was sunk.
A memorial ceremony for the men of USS Flier is scheduled to take place on August 12-13, 2010, at the Great Lakes Naval Memorial and Museum (GLNMM), located in Muskegon, Michigan. GLNMM is the home of the historic submarine USS Silversides, which is of the same class and general appearance as USS Flier. An exhibit dedicated to Flier is also under development at the Museum.
USS Perch (SS-176)
USS Perch (SS-176)On November 23, 2006, a dive group led by Vidar Skoglie found USS Perch (SS-176) in the Java Sea north-northwest of Surabaya City, Java, at a depth of 190 feet.
In December 2006, diver/photographer Kevin Denlay sent numerous photos of the wreck to Bowfin Park. Her identity has not yet been confirmed by the U. S. Navy, although physical evidence of the vessel’s identity appears conclusive.
Leaps in Submarine Technology - USS Ohio (SSBN-726)
Latest addition to the Cold War arsenal for Strategic Deterrence, the Ohio-class SSBN is 576 feet long, carrying 24 D-5 missiles with multiple, independently- targeted, re-entry vehicle warheads that is the central feature of the Strategic Shield for the United States and the West.
Employing the most up-to-date technology for weapons, sensors, communications, construction, habitability, this submarine is more quiet than the ocean that surrounds it. The submarine uses its stealth to remain "undetected and ready" in the oceans of the world, hiding and awaiting a message it hopes will never come.
It uses its sensors and equipment with maximum redundancy. Its weapons systems achieve unbelievable accuracy at the far reaches of the envelope-with targets thousands of miles away. As the sophistication of the platform has grown, so has the sensor technology seeking this submarine- in a modern version of "cat and mouse". This submarine is ready to meet the challenge.
With the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks II (START II), the number of Strategic Submarine platforms was reduced from 18 to 14. In 2005, four Ohio Class submarines were converted to support Special Warfare. All D-5 missiles and supporting equipment were removed and the submarines were re-configured to support Tomahawk Cruise missiles and Navy SEALs and Special Warfare Units. Two special warfare submarines will be assigned to each coast but the submarines are capable of world-wide missions.
Leaps in Submarine Technology - USS Hawaii (SSN-776)Birthed in the Nuclear Age after the first nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, the USS Hawaii, a Virginia-Class submarine, is the latest version of the bullet-shaped, true submersible. Home ported in Pearl Harbor, she is a technological marvel, combining the latest in sensors, weapons, communications, propulsion, atmospheric controls and submarine construction.
Capable of sustaining her operations for months at a time, with the aid of modern communication, satellites, missiles and torpedoes, the USS Hawaii is able to influence events across the globe. She can monitor communications of an interested party or launch a precision strike from deep below the sea. She can capture information by passive or active means and use her vast computer data banks to process and analyze data while accomplishing her mission for the United States.
She possesses the ultimate in stealth while using every inch of her formidable platform for her mission. Literally, a "black hole" in the ocean, she is effectively employed by her crew of 135 and can be re-configured to support SEAL operations. Coming now in numbers, she is the platform for submarines for the 21st century.
Dedicated to the 52 submarines and more than 3,500 officers and crewmen lost during World War II. This memorial honors their enduring memory by telling the story of each lost submarine and listing those submariners lost in this epic struggle.
Ever heard of receiving your mail via a missile? Sounds crazy, but...see a Regulus missile, the earliest attempt at taking missiles to sea on a submarine for deterrent purposes. This missile was the harbinger of things to come, paving the way for the Polaris “41 for Freedom’ Program that was one of the legs of the strategic Triad providing a protective deterrent umbrella for the United States during the Cold War. Check out this improvement on German World War II V-1 Bomb technology.
See a modified Imperial Japanese Navy Long Lance Torpedo that was improved to be a human guided torpedo approximately 54 feet long and over 18 tons with a 3000 pound warhead. Learn more about this exciting Japanese weapon and how it came into existence.
The only successful rescue of men from a sunken American submarine.. played a key role in saving 33 Officers and crew from the sunked USS Squalus in May 1939. Checkout the chamber and then see the artifacts in the museum that show the bravery of these intrepid heroes.
Hanging from above the WWII section of the museum are reproduction battle flags of U. S. submarines that fought the war in the Pacific. The original battle flags are kept for conservation. These flags are individually designed by the crewmen of the different boats, the creativity, style and design of each varies. The one element common to all of them is the pride of the men who served.
How big is a ballistic missile? Imagine being on a submarine crew with 25 missiles ready to fire. One is on display at USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park with all of its electronics, hydraulics adn propulsion elements accessible.
Bowfin Park features the World War II submarine, USS Bowfin (SS-287). The Pacific Submarine Museum features a variety of Bowfin artifacts including flags and models, telling the story of Bowfin's nine successful war patrols.
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Secrets of the Sub
|The Very First Sub Ever|
The First Submarine Ever
There were many countries around the world developing submarines in the 17th and 18th century both for wartime use and for commercial purposes. In the United States, we say the Turtle, developed by a Yale University professor, David Bushnell, was our first submarine. Designed to deliver an underwater mine with a timed fuse, it's original purpose was to break the blockade of the British Navy in New York harbor in 1776, during the War of Independence. Almost a hundred later the Confederate States Ship Hunley with a crew of nine men braved the waters of Charleston, South Carolina harbor to attack and sink the Union Ship USS Housitanic. The weapon used was a mine mounted on a spar jutting from the bow of the submarine. Again, the purpose was to break the blockade of a harbor but within 40 years, the United States started the submarine explosion with the Simon Lake, SS-1, in 1900 , designed as a scouting ship for America's emerging battle fleets. In less than 20 years, the first world war would see the island nation of Great Brritain brought to her knees by German commerce raiding submarines and submarines , large and small being developed by many nations.